Coleman, Deidra Andrea. “Advances in Significance Testing for Cluster Detection.” (2015).

DeFelice, Nicholas B., Jill E. Johnston, and Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson. “Acute Gastrointestinal Illness Risks in North Carolina Community Water Systems: A Methodological Comparison.Environmental science & technology (2015).

Fangman, Mary T., et al. “Routine dissemination of summary syndromic surveillance data leads to greater usage at local health departments in North Carolina.Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 7.1 (2015): 1-5.

Harduar Morano, Laurel. “Who’s Missing: Identifying Work-Relatedness in Emergency Department Data Using ICD-9-CM Codes.2015 CSTE Annual Conference. Cste, 2015.

Harmon, Katherine J., et al. “Motorcycle crash-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations for traumatic brain injury in North Carolina.” The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation 30.3 (2015): 175-184.

Harmon, Katherine, et al. “0035 Development of 12 poisoning and drug overdose case definitions for use with emergency department data in North Carolina.” Injury Prevention 21.Suppl 1 (2015): A27-A28.

Ising, Amy, et al. “Assessing the Potential Impact of the BioSense 24-hour Rule Using NC DETECT ED Data.Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 7.1 (2015).

Ising, Amy, et al. “Using NC DETECT for Comprehensive Morbidity Surveillance on Poisoning and Overdose.Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 7.1 (2015).

Kovach, Margaret M., Charles E. Konrad, and Christopher M. Fuhrmann. “Area-level risk factors for heat-related illness in rural and urban locations across North Carolina, USA.” Applied Geography 60 (2015): 175-183.

Nobles, Mallory, et al. “Identifying Emerging Novel Outbreaks In Textual Emergency Department Data.” Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 7.1 (2015).

Trogdon, Justin G., and Thomas Ahn. “Geospatial patterns in influenza vaccination: Evidence from uninsured and publicly insured children in North Carolina.American journal of infection control 43.3 (2015): 234-240.

Waller, Anna E., et al. “Childhood Injury in Wake County, NC: Local Use of Public Health Surveillance Data.Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 7.1 (2015).

Young, Allison, Mike D. Fliss, and Amy Ising. “Improving Local Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance within a Changing Data Environment.Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 7.1 (2015).


Haas SW, Travers DA, Waller A, Mahalingam D, Crouch J, Schwartz TA, Mostafa J. Emergency Medical Text Classifier: New system improves processing and classification of triage notes. In press, Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 6(2), 2014.

Katherine J. Harmon, Scott Proescholdbell, Steve Marshall, Anna Waller.  Utilization of Emergency Department Data for Drug Overdose Surveillance in North Carolina (Abstract).  Online J Public Health Inform. 2014; 6(1): e174. Published online 2014 April 29. doi: 10.5210/ojphi.v6i1.5200

Kerr ZY, Harmon KJ, Marshall SW, Proescholdbell SK, Waller AE. The epidemiology of traumatic brain injuries treated in emergency departments in North Carolina, 2010-2011. N C Med J. 2014 Jan-Feb;75(1):8-14.

Rhea SK, Weber DJ, Poole C, Waller AE, Ising AI, Williams C. Use of statewide emergency department surveillance data to assess incidence of animal bite injuries among humans in North Carolina. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2014 Mar 1;244(5):597-603. doi: 10.2460/javma.244.5.597.

Sacks JD, Rappold AG, Davis JA Jr, Richardson DB, Waller AE, Luben TJ. Influence of urbanicity and county characteristics on the association between ozone and asthma emergency department visits in North Carolina. Environ Health Perspect. 2014 May;122(5):506-12. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1306940. Epub 2014 Feb 22.

Samoff E, Fangman MT, Hakenewerth A, Ising A, Waller AE.  Use of syndromic surveillance at local health departments: movement toward more effective systems. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2014 Jul-Aug;20(4):E25-30. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182a505ac.

Travers D, Lich KH, Lippmann SJ, Weinberger M, Yeatts KB, Liao W, et al. Defining Emergency Department Asthma Visits for Public Health Surveillance, North Carolina, 2008–2009. Prev Chronic Dis 2014;11:130329. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd11.130329

Webinar Recording: Using NC DETECT for Poisoning and Overdose Surveillance (Hosted by CCNC)


Lippmann SJ, Yeatts KB, Waller AE, Hassmiller Lich K, Travers D, Weinberger M, Donohue JF, Hospitalizations and return visits after chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ED visits. Am J Emerg Med 2013 Aug 1 (Epub ahead of print)

Hakenewerth A, Tintinalli J, Waller A, Ising A, DeSelm T. Emergency Department Visits by Patients with Mental Health Disorders—North Carolina, 2008–2010. MMWR 62(23);469-472, June 14, 2013.

Lippmann SJ, Fuhrmann CM, Waller AE, Richardson DB. Ambient temperature and emergency department visits for heat-related illness in North Carolina, 2007-2008. Environmental Research, April 2013

Yeatts K, Lippmann SJ, Waller A, Hassmiller Lich K, Travers D, Weinberger M, Donohue JF. Acute Exacerbations of COPD in the Emergency Department (ED): ED Returns, Hospital Admissions, and Comorbidity Risks.  CHEST 2013 Apr 11. doi: 10.1378/chest.12-1899. [Epub ahead of print].

Katherine J. Harmon, Scott Proescholdbell, Anna Waller, and Clifton Barnett. (February 13, 2013). A response to the Safe States Alliance Injury Surveillance Workgroup (ISW)-7 ICD-9-CM Poisoning Matrix. Carolina Center for Health Informatics and the Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


Buckley, J. P., & Richardson, D. B. (2012). Seasonal modification of the association between temperature and adult emergency department visits for asthma: a case-crossover study. Environmental Health, 11(1), 55. http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476-069X-11-55.pdf

Deyneka, L., Ising, A., & Li, M. Enhanced Surveillance during the Democratic National Convention, Charlotte, NC. (Abstract). ISDS Annual Conference Proceedings 2012. http://www.syndromic.org/uploads/files/Enhanced%20Surveillance%20during%20the%20Democratic%20National.pdf

Glickman, S. W., Shofer, F. S., Wu, M. C., Scholer, M. J., Ndubuizu, A., Peterson, E. D., … & Glickman, L. T. (2012). Development and validation of a prioritization rule for obtaining an immediate 12-lead electrocardiogram in the emergency department to identify ST-elevation myocardial infarction. American Heart Journal, 163(3), 372-382.

Leak, A., Mayer, D. K., Wyss, A., Travers, D., & Waller, A. (2012). Why Do Cancer Patients Die in the Emergency Department? An Analysis of 283 Deaths in NC EDs. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.

Li M, Loschen W, Deyneka L, Burkom H, Ising A, Waller A.  Time of arrival analysis in NC DETECT to find clusters of interest from unclassified patient visit records. (Abstract). ISDS Annual Conference Proceedings 2012.

Lich KH, Travers D, Psek W, Weinberger M, Yeatts K, Liao W, Lippman SJ, Njord L, Waller AE.  Emergency Department Visits Attributable to Asthma in North Carolina, 2008.  North Carolina Medical Journal (in press).

Lippmann, S. J., Yeatts, K. B., Waller, A., Lich, K. H., Travers, D., Weinberger, M., & Donohue, J. F. COPD-Related ED Visits in North Carolina: Hospitalizations and Return Visits. (Abstract). ISDS Annual Conference Proceedings 2012. http://www.syndromic.org/uploads/files/COPD-Related%20ED%20Visits%20in%20North%20Carolina.pdf

Deepika Mahalingam, Javed Mostafa, Debbie Travers, Stephanie Haas, and Anna Waller. 2012. Automated syndrome classification using early phase emergency department data. In Proceedings of the 2nd ACM SIGHIT International Health Informatics Symposium (IHI ’12). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 373-378. DOI=10.1145/2110363.2110406 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2110363.2110406

Markiewicz, M., Bevc, C. A., Hegle, J., Horney, J. A., Davies, M., & MacDonald, P. D. (2012). Linking public health agencies and hospitals for improved emergency preparedness: North Carolina’s public health epidemiologist program. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 141.

Patel, D. M., & Olson, S. (2012). Information Sharing and Collaboration: Applications to Integrated Biosurveillance: Workshop Summary. National Academies Press.

Rappold, A. G., Cascio, W. E., Kilaru, V. J., Stone, S. L., Neas, L. M., Devlin, R. B., & Diaz-Sanchez, D. (2012). Cardio-respiratory outcomes associated with exposure to wildfire smoke are modified by measures of community health. Environmental Health, 11(1), 71. http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476-069X-11-71.pdf

Rhea, S., Ising, A., Waller, A., Haskell, M. G., & Weber, D. J. (2012). Using ICD-9-CM E-Codes in Addition to Chief Complaint Keyword Searches for Identification of Animal Bite-Related Emergency Department Visits. Public health reports (Washington, DC: 1974), 127(6), 561.

Rhea, S., Ising, A., Fleischauer, A. T., Deyneka, L., Vaughan-Batten, H., & Waller, A. (2012). Using Near Real-Time Morbidity Data to Identify Heat-Related Illness Prevention Strategies in North Carolina. Journal of community health, 37(2), 495-500. (published online September, 2011)

Samoff E, Fangman MT, Deyneka L, Ising A, Waller, A.  Adapting syndromic surveillance systems to increase value to local health departments. (Abstract).  ISDS Annual Conference Proceedings 2012.

Samoff E, Waller AE, Fleischauer A, Ising A, Davis M, Park M, Haas SW, DiBiase L, MacDonald PDM.  Integration of syndromic surveillance data into public health practice at state and local levels.  Public Health Reports, 2012; 127(3):310-317.


Papers & Abstracts

Deyneka L, Xu Z, Burkom H, Hicks P, Benoit S, Vaughan-Batten H, Ising A. Finding time-of-arrival clusters of exposure-related visits to emergency departments in contiguous hospital groups. Emerging Health Threats Journal 2011, 4: 11702 – DOI: 10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.11702

Higgins S, Barros T, Garrison H. Injury and death on the farm: improving prevention through improved surveillance. North Carolina Medical Journal 72(6). http://www.ncmedicaljournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/72606_post_FINAL.pdf

Ising A, Li M, Deyneka L, Vaughan-Batten H, Waller A. Improving syndromic surveillance for nonpower users: NC DETECT dashboards. Emerging Health Threats Journal 2011, 4: 11702 – DOI: 10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.11702

Mayer DK, Travers D, Wyss A, Leak A, Waller A. ORIGINAL REPORTS – Health Services and Outcomes: Why Do Patients With Cancer Visit Emergency Departments? Results of a 2008 Population Study in North Carolina. JCO Jul 1, 2011:2683-2688; published online on May 23, 2011;

Rappold AG, Stone SL, Cascio WE, Neas LM, Kilaru VJ, Carraway MS, et al. 2011. Peat Bog Wildfire Smoke Exposure in Rural North Carolina Is Associated with Cardio-Pulmonary Emergency Department Visits Assessed Through Syndromic Surveillance. Environ Health Perspect :-. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003206
Received: 12 November 2010; Accepted: 23 June 2011; Online: 27 June 2011

Rhea S, Ising A, Waller A, Deyneka L, Vaughn-Batten H, Haskell M. Animal bite surveillance using NC DETECT emergency department visit data. Emerging Health Threats Journal 2011, 4: 11163 – DOI: 10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.11163

Travers D, Lich K, Lippmann S, Waller A, Weinberger M, Yeatts K. Defining emergency department asthma visits for public health surveillance. Emerging Health Threats Journal 2011, 4: 11702 – DOI: 10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.11702

Vaughan-Batten H, Deyneka L, Ising A, Waller A. Data requests for research: best practices based on the North Carolina DETECT experience. Emerging Health Threats Journal 2011, 4: 11702 – DOI: 10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.11702

Zhao, Y., Zeng, D., Herring, A. H., Ising, A., Waller, A., Richardson, D. and Kosorok, M. R. (2011), Detecting Disease Outbreaks Using Local Spatiotemporal Methods. Biometrics. doi: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2011.01585.x


Mahalingam D, Medlin R, Travers D, Haas S.  Temporal Information Extractor:  Identifying Symptom Onset Date from Emergency Department Notes.  Poster accepted for presentation to American Medical Informatics Association Conference, October 2011.

The Development and Use of a Statewide, All-Hazards Surveillance System: NC DETECT. Joint Health Informatics Seminar, October 5, 2011: https://www.dchi.duke.edu/education/informatics-seminars/2011-seminar-archives/joint-health-informatics-seminar-october-5-2011

Heather Vaughan-Batten, Amy Ising. Overview of NC DETECT. The Essential Contributions of Public Health Nurses in Communicable Disease Investigations Conference. July 26-27, 2011. Raleigh, NC. http://epi.publichealth.nc.gov/gcdc/manual/conference.html

Samoff E, Ising A, Waller A, Vavalle E, Davis M, Park M, Haas S, DiBiases L, MacDonald P.  Improving use of biosurveillance data at local health departments in NC.  February 2011.  (Poster at the NACCHO 2011 Public Health Preparedness Summit, Atlanta, GA).

Heaney C, Richardson D, Jagai J.   Rainfall and emergency department visits for acute gastrointestinal illness in North Carolina, 2006-2008.  Poster presented to the Conference of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology, September 13-16, 2011, Barcelona, Spain.

Fuhrman C, Konrad C, Kovach M, Perkins DJ, Richardson D. Heat-Related Morbidity in North Carolina: Who’s at Risk? 2nd Symposium on Environment and Health 91st Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society Seattle, WA 25 January 2011. http://www.sercc.com/FuhrmannAMS2011HeatHealth.pdf


Papers & Abstracts

Kaydos-Daniels SC, Rojas Smith L, Ising AI, Barnett C, Farris T, Waller AE, Wetterhall S. A Case Study of the Role of Biosurveillance in Early Detection, Situational Awareness, and Response to Public Health Threats: The North Carolina Disease Event Tracking and Epidemiologic Collection Tool (NC DETECT). In: Kass-Hout T, Zhang X, eds. Biosurveillance: A Health Protection Priority. CRC Press. September 2010.

Proescholdbell S, Harmon K. Epidemiology of Injury and Violence in North Carolina. North Carolina Medical Journal. Nov/Dec 2010. 71(6). http://www.ncmedicaljournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/71611-web.pdf

Schneider EC, Shubert T, Harmon K. Addressing the Escalating Public Health Issue of Falls Among Older Adults. North Carolina Medical Journal. Nov/Dec 2010. 71(6). http://www.ncmedicaljournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/71613-web.pdf

Rein DB. A Snapshot of Situational Awareness: Using the NC DETECT System to Monitor the 2007 Heat Wave. In: Kass-Hout T, Zhang X, eds. Biosurveillance: A Health Protection Priority. CRC Press. September 2010.

Rhea S, Glickman S, Waller S, Ising A, Maillard J, Lund E, Glickman L. Evaluation of routinely collected veterinary and human health data for surveillance of human tick-borne diseases in North Carolina. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (in press).

Waller A, Hakenewerth A, Tintinalli J, Ising A. North Carolina Emergency Department Data, January 1, 2007-December 31, 2007. North Carolina Medical Journal, January/February 2010, 71(1):15-25.

Waller AE, Ising AI, Deyneka L. North Carolina Biosurveillance System. In: Voeller JG, editor. Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security. New York: Wiley; 3.5 April 2010.

Waller, AE, Scholer, MJ, Ising, AI and Travers, DA. Using Emergency Department Data for Biosurveillance: The North Carolina Experience. Book chapter in: Infectious Disease Informatics and Biosurveillance: Research, Systems, and Case Studies, Castillo-Chavez-C, et. al., editors, Springer Publishing Company (in press).


Falls D, Li M. Storage and Dissemination of Public Health Data in a Secure Environment. September 2010 NCHICA Conference.

Ising, A, Ford, M, Beuhler, M, Deyneka, L, Waller, A. Overview and Public Health Surveillance Utility of Poison Center Data Webinar for the International Society for Disease Surveillance, March 2010.

Leacock BW, Platts-Mills TF, Cabana J, McLean S. Increases in Emergency Medical Services Use Across the Life Span: Analysis of North Carolina’s Comprehensive Emergency Department Database. SAEM Conference, June 2010.

Liao W, Ising A, Moore Z, Maillard J, Deyneka L, Waller A, Davies M. Syndromic surveillance data beyond chief complaint: The NC DETECT experience and its implications for meaningful use. CSTE Annual Conference, June 2010.

Moore Z. Human Influenza Surveillance. 2009 National One Medicine Symposium.

Ndubuizu A, Glickman S, Glickman L, Scholer M, Waller A, Shofer F, Cairns C. The Impact of Aging on the Clinical Presentation of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. SAEM Conference, June 2010

Ndubuizu A, Scholer M, Glickman S, Glickman L, Waller A, Travers D, Cairns C, Shofer F. Accuracy and Feasibility of a Novel Approach to Emergency Medicine Text Processing of ED Chief Complaints. SAEM Conference, June 2010.

Moro-Sutherland D, Johnson C, Falls D, Scholer M, Waller A, Shofer F, Cairns C. Variability in Hospital Admission Rates for Neonates (0-28 days) with Fever in North Carolina. Poster at SAEM Conference, June 2010

Samoff E, Davis M, Park M, Fleischauer A, Haas S, MacDonald P, Waller A. Increasing Surveillance Effectiveness to Support the Public Health System. April 2010. Poster at 2010 Keeneland Conference.

Samoff E, Park M, Fleischauer A, Ising A, Davis M, Haas S, MacDonald P, Waller A. Use of Syndromic Surveillance for H1N1 Influenza and Other Outbreak Management. February 2010. Poster at NACCHO PHREP conference.